Dr. Ranjini Ambalavanar is a Scientist-Investigator in the Division of Investigative Oversight (DIO), Office of Research Integrity (ORI). Dr. Ambalavanar conducts oversight review of cases of research misconduct in Public Health Service (PHS)-funded research at US institutions. ORI promotes integrity in biomedical research supported by PHS and oversees investigations of research misconduct cases. Prior to joining ORI in May 2009, Dr. Ambalavanar was a faculty member at the University of Maryland Dental School (UMD). Dr. Ambalavanar received her PhD in Neuroscience from the University of Liverpool, UK, and her postdoctoral training at Cambridge University, UK, and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, MD, US). Dr. Ambalavanar explored the neural mechanisms of chronic craniofacial pain disorders and provided creative directions in science by her unique contributions to the field. She has published many peer reviewed articles and invited book chapters in her field of research.